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I think this section is the most IMPORTANT to read to know the difference between a GOOD breeder and a bad "backyard" breeder, puppy mills, and pet store puppies. A good breeder has lots of information on there website, can be found on other sites such as google, yelp,(other than social media; facebook, twitter, etc.) even threw there registry(CKC, AKC, ETC.), they have reviews. A bad breeder will have a SIMPLE site(if any at ALL) advising there dogs/puppies(most likely OUT OF DATE), will use facebook, twitter, etc. as there MAIN form of SELLING/REVIEWS. SOCIAL MEDIA "BREEDERS" OR NOT GOOD BREEDERS THEY ARE NORMALLY PUPPY MILLS, OR BAD" BACKYARD" BREEDERS TRYING TO MAKE MONEY!! A good breeder has contracts for there puppies some are a year, some two years, and some are a LIFETIME; each breeder sets there own limits. A bad breeder will have ZERO contracts as its "too much work" but also BEWARE some bad breeders will have these contracts to give you the impression that they are a "good" breeder. A good breeder will have there puppies shots given by a LICENSE vet, while a bad breeder will do it themselves to "save money." If a puppy is NOT checked by a LICENSED vet you truly don't if they have ANY health issues such as a heart defect, under or over bite, hernia, etc. that can ONLY be IDENTIFIED by a VET! And if the vet does find anything wrong the breeder discloses that information to the buyer! A bad breeder will omit any bad findings! A good breeder micro chips ALL of there animals including PUPPIES before going home to insure that NONE of there puppies/dogs end up in a shelter! A bad breeder will do the bare minimum this means no micro chip or will charge you an extra fee to micro chip the puppy for you, most likely not VET checked, among many other things and will charge you more to make AS MUCH MONEY AS POSSIBLE doing the BARE MINIMUM for there pups! Most bad breeder puppies are FULL of worms even though they say that they "de-wormed" them. Where a good breeder will have there puppies fecal tested and dewormed again right before going home! Sometimes there can be a break threw of worms with even a good breeder, this does not mean that they are bad! Worms happen! But by fecal testing them they can/will get rid of them before the puppy is even ready to go home and will disclose this information to the buyer! Omitting a worm break threw is NOT being honest and transparent to the buyer! A good breeder will have there adults and puppies HEALTH and DNA tested to PROVE that they are really the breed you are buying and also to show health issues(if ANY). A bad breeder will ONLY have REGISTRATION paperwork and NO HEALTH TEST. Registration paper work DOES NOT prove that the dog is healthy! Health test help set up life long health for the puppies. Without these health test you truly don't know what under laying health issues may pop up later in life! You also don't know rather a dog is a carrier for a certain disease or not without these test. Without knowing health test results and breeding two dogs together could create seriously health problems for the puppies such as blindness by the age of 2, among many other life long issues! Ask for testing of the parents, ask if they test the puppies as well! You will find that MOST breeders will have the parents tested but not the puppies! Ask if the parents have OFA certifications! This is also an important health testing resource! "Breeders" will throw around bloodlines like they mean something. Something like champion bloodline or Idaho jewels bloodline. Just because one or two dogs in the bloodline where champions does NOT mean that the puppy is/will be, or that mom and/or dad where/are! Now if they say show champion parents then that means something! Grandparents are anything/anyone further in the line having champion means NOTHING! Touching on Idaho Jewels bloodline, this is just a kennel name Idaho Jewels is a well known kennel that has been breeding poodles for many years. This in NO way shows or proves anything about the dogs/puppies besides for the kennel/place they have come from. This is a marketing gimmicks used in order to say why there pricing is so "high." True high pricing is valued on the parents being champions NOT anything or ANYONE else in the bloodline! Another marketing gimmick "breeders" will use is the term "tiny toy", "teacup toy", or "royal standard", most recently "moyen." This is also a marketing gimmick used to ether market up the price or make a sell of a puppy/dog ether under or over the normal size of poodles. Poodles come in ONLY THREE sizes: Toy is under 10" tall, miniature is over 10" tall but under 15", and the standard is stands over 15" tall. Using ANY other term is INCORRECT! A good breeder will also parentage there puppies to prove who mom and dad are. A bad breeder will likely have dad DNA tested but not moms. Do you know how many breeders put a different mom on the paperwork just so that they can register? A good breeder will LOVE to answer ANY and ALL of your questions without having to think or research into what you are asking them; while a bad breeder will get ANNOYED with your questions and just want you to "buy the puppy" or will give you FALSE information such as ALL my dogs have a three/four generation when they really don't! A good breeder will care about the LONG term care of the puppy and becomes a LIFELONG partner to you and your puppy; while a bad breeder will cut ANY and ALL ties after the sale is final or might keep in touch with you for a few months after the sale and then will not respond back to you again! Just because a breeder has a USDA license or says that they are AKC inspected ONLY means that they are providing food, water, and a place for them to stay. A place for them to stay can include in runs outside and in cages as long as they have the room to move around, have food and water then this is ACCEPTABLE and approvable! A good breeder sales a certain breed to BETTER the breed; while a bad breeder is ONLY in it for the MONEY! Good breeders are not in it for the MONEY they are in it for the BREED/DOGS! Good breeders loss money rather than make anything off of there puppies/dogs. ALL there money goes right back into there program not in there POCKETS! A good breeder sticks to ONE or TWO breeds while a bad breeder will sell MULIPLE different breeds including "designer." Good breeders allow you to visit and have no issue of you coming visit and encourage it. Good breeders always have at less mom on site at all times. Some will have dad on site as well. Watch out for ones that have the puppies but NOT the parents or say they are in a guardian home. Guardian homes are not a bad thing but if the breeder is advertising a puppy that is NOT on site and does NOT disclose this information that is a HUGE red flag! A good breeder has a spay/neuter contract in place at the time of sale for PET only homes to insure that they don't breed as well as LIMITED registration paperwork. A bad breeder will NOT care about this and will sale to you regardless if breeding or buying as a pet. (Please keep in mind, even when buying from your LOCAL shelter these animals are spay/neuter before being allowed to go home with you.) A good breeder keeps puppies until they are FULLY weaned and ready to go on the puppies OWN terms! A bad breeder will FORCE the puppy to wean EARLIER to "make the sale as soon as possible." This means that the puppies are not placed into new homes until 8-12 weeks old. Anyone selling puppies ready to go at 6 weeks old; run from! Do not buy these puppies! MOST states have a age limit(8 weeks) that puppy/kittens can be sold! A bad breeder will claim that they "care" about the puppies health but they REALLY don't! ALL A BAD BREEDER CARES ABOUT IS MONEY!!! A good breeder knows what colors there dogs can create and also what to call them as well as what size to call them! I have heard so many Poodle breeders call there dog/puppies a blue merle or even a blue. These are all INCORRECT terms! I also have brought puppies being told that they were a TOY and as they got older turned out the be a MINIATURE! These breeders clearly have not done there research, education, or testing on there dog or puppies! A good breeder can also tell you about the mother and father personality. How they act, what is there favorite thing to do, etc. Do they like treats or are they one of the ones that aren't treat motivated. They can even tell you there bark and what it sounds like even what each bark means(ex. someone it here or I want something from you, etc.). Good breeders invite you to come visit there place while a bad one will do whatever means possible to stop you from seeing it. Good breeders set there prices based on the cost of raising the litter. Bad breeders out to make money set there prices based on the gender, color, and size. Good breeders stick to there price(s). While a bad breeder will lower the price to make the quick sale.
Backyard breeders are motivated by money. A back yard breeder is anyone who is probably driven by an emotional attachment to their animals or for profiting on the offspring, or both, rather than bettering the breed. They are an unprepared, uninformed person who decided to give breeding a try and then is surprised to find there’s no demand for carelessly bred pups, especially at high prices. While I do agree with the notion that most back yard breeders will find quickly that breeding dogs is a lot harder and more expensive than they originally anticipated, I also know that breeders all have to get their start somewhere. If you are looking for a good family pet and your neighbor is raising yorkshire terriers that are a little wirey and too long legged, you aren’t really hurting anyone or anything by purchasing one of those puppies. And it’s certainly a better choice than buying a dog from a pet store or flea market, where chances are high you are supporting a puppy mill! On the other hand, buyers beware! There’s probably no health guarantee and did the back yard breeder even bother to test for genetic defects to ensure HEALTH! Backyard breeders may appear to be the nice neighbor next door-in fact, even seemingly good-intentioned breeders may treat their breeding pairs as family pets. Some backyard breeders may only breed their family dog once in awhile, but they often are not knowledgeable on how to breed responsibly, such as screening for genetic defects. Responsible, proper breeding entails much more than simply putting two dogs together!
PUPPY MILLS produces in the NUMBERS and there puppies are normally under socialized!!!! Puppy mills ALWAYS have puppies for sale no matter the day or time! They will have puppies that have not sold from 6 months yet continue to bred even though there last litter(s) have not SOLD! A puppy mill is a "factory farm" for dogs, where profit takes priority over the health, comfort and welfare of the dogs. In puppy mills, dogs live in small cages, often in the minimum legal size allowed (only six inches larger than the dog on all sides) and female dogs are bred constantly, in order to produce as many puppies as possible for the retail pet trade. It’s standard practice for puppy mills to keep animals in cramped, crude, and filthy conditions without proper veterinary care or socialization. Puppy-mill kennels can consist of anything from small cages made of wood and wire mesh to tractor-trailer cabs or simply chains attached to trees, where mother dogs and puppies spend every day outdoors in the same small patch of dirt in all types of weather. Female dogs are bred over and over until they can no longer produce puppies—at which point they are auctioned off or killed. Mothers and their litters often suffer from malnutrition, exposure, and a lack of adequate veterinary care. Undercover investigations of puppy mills have revealed that dogs often had no bedding or protection from the cold or heat and no regular veterinary care even when they were ill. Health conditions such as crusty, oozing eyes, raging ear infections, mange that turned their skin into a mass of red scabs, and abscessed feet from the unforgiving wire floors all were ignored or inadequately treated. Investigators have observed dogs circling frantically in their small cages and pacing ceaselessly back and forth, oblivious to anything around them—their only way of coping with despair.
Pet Store such as Pet smart and Petco work with your local animal shelter to find CATS adoptive homes!!! They sometime also do DOGS at certain times of the years. Any other pet store buys from so called "breeders." Petco and Pet smart NEVER buy from "breeders" they are not allowed to!!! Other pet stores will sale DOGS, CATS, RABBITS, ETC from these "breeders." Pet store DOGS are especially under socialized just like PUPPY MILL puppies. These "breeders" have sold them to the pet stores because they couldn't ether sell them on there own or they no longer wanted to "keep" the puppy past a certain age so they just "threw them away." These pet stores also market-up your cost to purchase the puppy! So, if they brought the dog from the "breeder" and paid $1,000 your cost could be $2,000 at the pet store! Pet stores will also charge more for a litter of puppies if ONE or more of the puppies from the same litter DIES before getting sold!! So that means that $2,000 puppy is now $4,000 because it's litter mate died! PLEASE DO NOT!!!! I AM BEGGING YOU DO NOT BY ANY MEANS BUY FROM A PET STORE EVER!!!! You would be better off buying from a back yard breeder!!!
Another thing is DO NOT EVER BUY PUPPIES/DOGS FROM A FLEA MARKET OR OFF THE SIDE OF THE HIGHWAY/ROAD! This is NEVER a good sign! These puppies may be REGISTERED! But remember being registered does NOT mean anything! You need to see the parents, you need to see how they were/are raised, you need to see parent health testing, you need to see puppy health testing, you need to see puppy vet records, etc! SELLING ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD AND FLEA MARKETS IS A HUGE RED FLAG!!!
Some people believe that if a puppy is worth a lot of money then they MUST be from a good breeder! This is NOT true! Even bad breeders use high prices! They do this to make profit! Some people also believe that if a puppy is cheap then it MUST have something wrong with it or they are a bad breeder! This is not TRUE ether! The amount that you have to pay for a puppy does NOT tell you anything about rather a breeder is bad or good!
In my OPINION ANY "breeder" who has cages "kennels" lined up outside, uses wire bottom cages, has kennels "cages" stacked on top of each other, someone who always has litters due, someone who always has a dog in heat and is breeding them, someone who lowers the price of the dog/puppy every few weeks or week, someone who has so many dogs that they have to hire help to care for them all, anyone who calls there breeding place a "kennel" or "facility," refers to the puppy as a number and not a name, house smells like dog pee/cat pee, has puppies ALL the time, even someone who has puppies that has NOT sold from 6 months ago yet still is producing more puppies "product" are ALL signs of a puppy mill/ bad breeder to me!
PLEASE BEWARE OF THOSE THAT BUY PUPPIES AND THEN SELL THEM OR "FAKE SELL/POST" TO OTHERS FOR A HIGHER OR LOWER PRICE, THESE PEOPLE OR DOING THIS TO MAKE MONEY AND LOTS OF TIMES YOU NEVER GET THE DOG OR YOU PAY OVERPRICE FOR A DOG/PUPPY THAT TURNS OUT TO BE SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT THAN WHAT YOU THOUGH YOU WHERE BUYING! Another way to tell if you are being spammed or not is the amount of information you are given such as quick/reasonable responds, are they harassing you to buy the puppy(ex. are you going to buy or not? cause I have others waiting...), do they NOT want to send more/different pictures then already supplied, do they NOT want you to come visit/see the puppy, do they not want to face time/video chat, are they ANNOYED with your questions, etc. BEWARE of those saying this happened(daughter died, I have cancer, etc.) so I have to sell these dogs(sad stories) it's a SCAM! Remember before buying/putting a deposit down on a puppy ask LOTS of QUESTIONS request PICTURES, go see the parents and/or puppies, ETC. If this is an ISSUE then they are MOST LIKELY in it for all the wrong reasons(making money) or spamming you! Keep in mind if it doesn't feel right DON'T BUY IT!!!! And more importantly don't just jump to buy the FIRST puppy/dog you see for sale; call around to different places explore your options and prices and go with what feels BEST FOR YOU!!! DO NOT LET SOMEONE FORCE YOU TO BUY A PUPPY/DOG YOU ARE UNSURE ABOUT JUST BECAUSE THEY WANT YOUR MONEY!!! Get to know YOUR breeder before making a purchase! And if you have fallen for any of the "breeders" don't feel bad, it happens. I have fallen into the same traps myself a few times. You just learn from it and make better choices next time! This is why I feel as though this selection is the MOST IMPORTANT thing to read!
Be a responsible, informed consumer- buy from a breeder who: Will show you where the dogs spend their time and introduces you to the puppy’s parents. Explains the puppy’s medical history, including vaccines, and gives you their veterinarian’s contact info. Doesn’t have puppies available year-round, yet may keep a waiting list for interested people. And doesn’t use pressure sales tactics.
I am ALWAYS here to ANSWER ANY questions you may have about the breed and other breeders to the best of my knowledge. I get calls all the time, and people are asking if I know another breeder or if I know where they can find one! I am ALWAYS here to HELP and educate you on BREEDERS, BREEDING, and the BREED!! Please DO NOT hesitate to reach out! I am eager, willing, and ready to share ALL the information I know! I DO NOT DISCRIMINATE, I just want to make sure that you're going to do right! There are a TON of breeders out there that cause finding a good breeder hard to trust/find. In order to help alleviate some of that, it is MY responsibility to educate ANYONE who plans on breeding!